Sometimes it is nice with a little help...To upgrade your joomla site from 1.5.0 (1.5.x) to 1.5.25...
You are told to make a test site where you can first try out the upgrade to see if it will work.
So how do you make a test site you might ask... I will try to help you out with this quick guide.
I suppose a lot of people use cPanel (WHM) on Centos so that is what I will use for this guide.Make a clone of your site.1. Backup public_html directory
Start by logging in to your server via SSH with the root details for the server.
Navigate to the directory above public_html, usually your username:
Now make a tar of public_html with the command:
tar pczf public_html.tar.gz public_html
To make it easy for yourself log in to the server via FTP and download the file public_html.tar.gz and save it on your computer.
(Leave public_html.tar.gz on the server where it was created for easy acccess later.)
You can also simply download the files via FTP without compressing them but this way you will always have the backup on server.2. Backup Mysql database in cpanel
Log in to the cPanel for your domain and go to 'Backups' and under 'Download a MySQL Database Backup', click on your database and save it on your computer.3. Create a new test location
The best is if you have another domain you can use a subfolder on for testing purposes. If not you can either create a subdomain in cPanel or, not recommended, use a subfolder on your current domain.
I will use a subfolder on a separate domain in this example but the procedure should be similar or same.
Login to the other domains (I will furthermore call it otherdomain.com) ftp and create a subfolder like otherdomain.com/clone and upload all the files inside public_html.tar.gz to it.4. Adjust database for test domain
For this I suggest you use an editor like TextPad 5 that can find and replace text.
Unpack the file mydatabasename.tar.gz that you got when making the Mysql backup in step 2.
Open the .sql file in the text editor.
Find and replace ALL:
mydomain.com ->with-> otherdomain.com/clone
Find and replace ALL:
originalusername ->with-> otherdomainusername
The usernames in WHM/cPanel are usually based on the domain (Eg. happyfun.com = happyfc usually) unless you specificly changed it on creating the account. So replace originalusername and otherdomainusername above with the correct usernames. The usernames are the same as your cPanel login by the way.
Now save the file.5. Restore database for test domain
Go to the cPanel of your test domain and create a new Mysql database. You can name it to same as the original database if you are on another domain, if not, use a new databasename.
Create a new user and add him to the database with all privileges.
Now go to cPanel -> phpMyAdmin for the test domain. Click the new database you just created in the list to the left.
Click 'Import' and on the new page browse to the database.sql you just saved in the previous step and click 'Go'. The database should now be imported.
You should now see all the tables to the left in phpmyadmin.6. Adjust configuration.php for clone
Open configuration.php on otherdomain.com and adjust the Mysql database name, username and password to be same as the database and user you created in step 5 and save it overwriting the old configuration.php on the server.
You might also want to check so that other details are correct like ftp username and password, and login, email etc. Once its all done save and overwrite the file on server.7. Refresh and test clone
Now go to otherdomain.com/clone and check if it is working. You should in theory be able to login to the administrator backend with the same details as on original site.Upgrade joomla
Now you have a fully working clone where you can experiment and make tests.
Try upgrading by simply overwriting all files on the test domain with the files in the correct upgrade package for your version.
You can find the upgrade packages here...
(Personally I have succefully upgraded 1.5.x, 1.5.14 and 1.5.15 to 1.5.25 with the:
When it is done go to test site, check frontend and backend and examine everything carefully. If all seems well and working you know that you can make the upgrade the same way on the original site and that you have the correct package.
If something goes wrong you can simply delete the test and start over until you find the correct way
I hope this guide will help you and that I didnt forget about anything.
If you experience permission problems or internal error after unpacking a folder on the server via ssh you can try these commands to restore permissions:
chown -R username:username /home/username/public_html
chown username:nobody /home/username/public_html
(Change username for the domain username of course)
Please tell me if I have made any errors or if you have any questions.
D(All images are royalty-free clip art)